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Rug and Kilim Symbols

Carpets and kilims since their beginning were not created just for meeting man's physical needs but also for his psychological wishes. Religious beliefs and ritual life enrich and develop philosophical thoughts and the soul of man. This influences both the artist and his work in various ways. Just looking at the motifs and compositions in the carpets and kilims makes this evident.


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Language of Kilims

One day a Yürük tribal chief saw a kilim rug cast on the ground by a tent. Looking at it brought anguish to his heart, so he called on his men to find the father of the girl who had woven that kilim rug. When the father of the girl was brought to the tent the chief asked:

"You have a daughter, don't you?"
"Yes, I do" replied the father.
"As I understand it," continued

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Weaving Tecnicques

During the production of a carpet, an overwhelming number of weavers will employ the use of either the Turkish (Ghiordes) knot or the Persian (Senneh) knot. The Persian knot is an asymmetrical knot, while the Turkish knot is symmetrical. You can see the difference between the two below.

You will typically find Turkish knots in rugs woven in Turkey and the Caucuses. Persian knots, on the

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Turkish Rug Regions

Turkish Kilim rug, which are more like tapestries - soft and thin and used as sofa covers or wall hangings - are also increasingly in demand. Kilim is a flat-woven rug (though because of the artful nature of the kilim, many are hung on the wall as show-pieces instead of being used as a floor-covering) made in several regions of the world, including Turkey, Persia, and the Cauca

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Rug Colours and Dyes

Perhaps the most appealing attribute of oriental carpets is their wealth of colour, and this charm on the sheen and texture of the wool from which each individual carpet is made. The splendour of the colours, their lustre and sheen, are perhaps to be attributed to the fact that the oriental craftsmen often come from the most primitive strata of society, living still on a nomadic, or semi-nomadi